Climate of Himalayas Himalayan Coverage Area:
200-km Himalayan Forests:
Pine, Deodar, Fir,
Oak, Rhododendron, Birch Monsoon Season:
The End Of September Climate of
The Himalayas influences the climate of the Indian
subcontinent by sheltering it from the cold air mass of Central Asia. The
range also exerts a major influence on monsoon and rainfall patterns. Within
the Himalayas climate varies depending on elevation and location.
Climate ranges from subtropical in the southern foothills, with
average summer temperatures of about 30° C (about 86° F) and average
winter temperatures of about 18° C (about 64° F); warm temperate
conditions in the Middle Himalayan valleys, with average summer temperatures
of about 25° C (about 77° F) and cooler winters; cool temperate
conditions in the higher parts of the Middle Himalayas, where average summer
temperatures are 15 to 18° C (59 to 64° F) and winters are below
freezing; to a cold alpine climate at higher elevations, where summers are
cool and winters are severe.
At elevations above 4880 m (16,000
ft) the climate is very cold with below freezing temperatures and the area
is permanently covered with snow and ice. The eastern part of the Himalayas
receives heavy rainfall; the western part is drier.
from The Tropical monsoon in south India to temperate in north India. India
is such a vast country that the climate varies considerably. While the heat
is unbearable in the Gangetic plain, the people of Ladakh shiver in the
snowy cold.The Indian year passes through four seasons. Winter lasts from
December to February, and summer from March to May.
rainy season of Southwest monsoon is from June to September. The post
monsoon season, which is North East monsoon in South India, is in October
and November. The most pleasant weather in India lasts from June to
November.There is a heavy rainfall in Northeastern region, the western
slopes of the Western Ghats and parts of the Himalayas during the year. On
the other hands, there is hardly any rainfall in Rajasthan, Kutch, and
Laddakh. There is medium or average rainfall in other parts of the country.
Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south India, flat to rolling
plain along the Ganges, deserts in western region of India, Himalayas in
northern region. India is a vast country covering an area of 32,87,782 sq.
km. The Himalayas, stretching from east to west in the north, form the
northern boundary.The mighty mountain ranges separate India from China and
Nepal. Where the Himalayan ranges end, there begin the great northern
plains, are flat.
They are drained by a number of rivers, the
Ganga being the most important of them all. The Brahmaputra is another major
north Indian river. The Indus (Sindh) flows in the north-west direction.The
Deccan plateaus, south of the plains, have ranges of hills along the eastern
and western coasts of the peninsula. The Krishna and the Godavari are the
major rivers of the south. There are ranges of hills even in the north-east.
In the west the plains of the Punjab merge into the Thar Desert. That is why
India has rich variety of landscapes and climates.